[meteorite-list] A 'Tail' of Two Comets

From: Ron Baalke <baalke_at_meteoritecentral.com>
Date: Fri, 18 Mar 2016 14:30:03 -0700 (PDT)
Message-ID: <201603182130.u2ILU3Re026782_at_zagami.jpl.nasa.gov>


A 'Tail' of Two Comets
March 18, 2015

Two comets that will safely fly past Earth later this month may have
more in common than their intriguingly similar orbits. They may be twins
of a sort.

Comet P/2016 BA14 was discovered on Jan. 22, 2016, by the University of
Hawaii's PanSTARRS telescope on Haleakala, on the island of Maui. It was
initially thought to be an asteroid, but follow-up observations by a
University of Maryland and Lowell Observatory team with the Discovery
Channel Telescope showed a faint tail, revealing that the discovery was,
in fact, a comet. The orbit of this newly discovered comet, however,
held yet another surprise. Comet P/2016 BA14 follows an unusually
similar orbit to that of comet 252P/LINEAR, which was discovered by the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Near Earth Asteroid
Research (LINEAR) survey on April 7, 2000. The apparent coincidence may
be an indication of twin nature in that comet. P/2016 BA14 is roughly
half the size of comet 252P/LINEAR and might be a fragment that calved
off sometime in the larger comet's past.

"Comet P/2016 BA14 is possibly a fragment of 252P/LINEAR. The two could
be related because their orbits are so remarkably similar," said Paul
Chodas, manager of NASA's Center of NEO Studies (CNEOS) at the Jet
Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "We know comets are
relatively fragile things, as in 1993 when comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 was
discovered and its pieces linked to a flyby of Jupiter. Perhaps during a
previous pass through the inner-solar system, or during a distant flyby
of Jupiter, a chunk that we now know of as BA14 might have broken off of

Observations made by the Hubble Space Telescope of comet 252P/LINEAR,
and by NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility of comet P/2016 BA14 will
further investigate their possible twin nature.

Comet 252P/LINEAR, approximately 750 feet (230 meters) in size, will zip
past Earth on Monday, March 21 at a range of about 3.3 million miles
(5.2 million kilometers). The following day, comet P/2016 BA14 will
safely fly by our planet at a distance of about 2.2 million miles (3.5
million kilometers). This will be the third closest flyby of a comet in
recorded history next to comet D/1770 L1 (Lexell) in 1770 and comet
C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock) in 1983.

The time of closest approach for comet 252P/LINEAR on March 21 will be
around 5:14 a.m. PDT (8:14 a.m. EDT). The time of closest approach for
P/2016 BA14 on March 22 will be around 7:30 a.m. PDT (10:30 a.m. EDT).
While both comets will safely fly past at relatively close distances,
anyone hoping to see them will need powerful, professional-grade
telescopes, due to their relatively small size.

The approaches of these two comets will be the closest they come to
Earth for the foreseeable future. "March 22 will be the closest comet
P/2016 BA14 gets to us for at least the next 150 years," said Chodas.
"Comet P/2016 BA14 is not a threat. Instead, it is an excellent
opportunity for scientific advancement on the study of comets."

An orbit simulation showing the two comet flybys by Earth is available here:


The CNEOS website has a complete list of recent and upcoming close
approaches, as well as all other data on the orbits of known NEOs, so
scientists and members of the media and public can track information on
known objects.


For more information about NASA's Planetary Defense Coordination Office,


For asteroid news and updates, follow AsteroidWatch on Twitter:


Media Contact

DC Agle
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California
agle at jpl.nasa.gov

Dwayne Brown / Laurie Cantillo
NASA Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1726 / 202-358-1077
dwayne.c.brown at nasa.gov / laura.l.cantillo at nasa.gov

Received on Fri 18 Mar 2016 05:30:03 PM PDT

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