AW: [meteorite-list] Rust on iron meteorites : new method ?

From: Martin Altmann <>
Date: Sat Feb 18 14:38:49 2006
Message-ID: <006301c634c2$ea720ac0$936cfea9_at_name86d88d87e2>

But G?ran,

NaOH for Pretzels is absolutely normally, they always were made like that, in former times with lye from ashes,
was the preferred method to preserve bakery products, I'm sure also in Sweden.
First mentioned was a pretzel by the way at the council of Leptinae AD 743.

The Bretzel is dipped for a few seconds in a cold watery solution of NaOH of 3-5% (ph 13-14) and then it will be baked. With the CO2 from air, we will recieve natron on the pretzel's surface.
2NaOH(aq) + CO2(g) ? ? ? > Na2CO3(s) + H2O(g)

That's also why Pretzels help against heartburn and together with the salt on his surface it's a good food if you suffer from diarrhea.
Meteorites with their nickel don't help half as much!

And a large stein of beer, how could it work without a pretzel!
Come to Munich to the Mineralientage and I'll convince you, like the Dalai Lama was convinced. When he comes to Munich, he always buys a pretzel.

Now, I have to work again, selling off small Marses and putting some more pretzels in then oven...



-----Urspr?ngliche Nachricht-----
Von: [] Im Auftrag von G?ran Axelsson
Gesendet: Samstag, 18. Februar 2006 20:14
Betreff: Re: [meteorite-list] Rust on iron meteorites : new method ?

Hello list,

I'm writing this as a collective answer to this thread and some other
earlier threads and contains one half replies, one half ideas and one
half ramblings.... I'm a physicist, not a mathematician.

I'm always surprised whenever a new recip for protecting meteorites from
rust appears and it contains chlorine ions. Why do you propose to use
salt? That is usually a short road to rust in cars just as in meteorites

The NaOH method has nothing to do with neutralising acids. It is a way
to heightening the PH value in the solution and to passivate the surface
of the iron to prevent rusting. Usually Iron resists rusting very good
at higher PH values.

Chloride ions works as a catalyst for the reaction of turning iron,
water and oxygen into iron hydroxides and oxides and isn't consumed in
the process. If you remove the chlorine ions then you have slowed down
the process a great deal and if you remove water then it will move at a
geological timescale.

If you only remove the water then it will also be a very slow process as
the chlorine ions is locked up as a salt whenever it dries up.

But ferrous chloride (I've heard about people using it to etch
meteorites, sounds stupid to me) as a salt is very attracted to water.
In an atmosphere with just a bit higher humidity it will start absorbing
water and soon you have a drop of rusty water instead of a grain of
ferrous chloride. This is what I guess the drops of red water on Marcin
Cimalas Nantan contains together with iron hydroxides.

The only method that I really believe in for meteorite protection in the
long run is to remove the chlorine. By lookin on a similar area where
chlorine ions is a big problem we can learn a trick or two.
Archeologists are recovering iron artefacts that have been lying in salt
water for hundreds of years without any major damage. This is the case
if there is no oxygen present, but once recovered the rusting process
The way marine archeological finds are treated sounds to me the right
way to go. Basically they use electrolytical treatment to drive the
chlorine ions out of fractures in the metal. The bath is a waterbath in
deionised water with NaOH added. This water is changed a number of times
and the levels of chlorine ions are measured. In the beginning it isn't
important to use deionised water but in the end it affects the end result.
A complete treatment usually takes from a month to half a year and
longer for bigger artifacts.

A simpler method used is sometimes just to do the same process but
without any electricity. This works on the principle that all ions moves
randomly in a liquid so eventually most chloride ions will end up in the
liquid. Without the electricity to push the ions in the right direction
this will take a much longer time.
This method is the one that I think sounds most like the alcohole and
NaOH method used on meteorites.

I have a really rusty Nantan that I plan to test the electrolytical
method on but I haven't started yet.

As a side note, I've heard about silica gel used for keeping the air dry
inside cabinets. This is a good idea but with a warning. The silica gel
consists of a mineral called zeolite, it's the mineral worlds sponge and
absorbs water inside holes in the crystal structure. The water is not
chemically bound to the zeolite which means that if any part of it
touches a meteorite, the water is free to use for chemical reactions (rust).

Well, as I promised, not so much coherence, more or less free ramblings.
Please, correct me if I'm wrong as this is a discussion list.
Disclaimer, I'm no chemist, I'm a physicist.

And in the end, I don't want to eat in a bakery where they use NaOH,
then it is no more Buckleboo, only boo hoo...


Regards, G?ran

Pel? Pierre-Marie wrote:

>I sometimes de-rust objects with the following
>solution :
>1. Put green lemon and salt on the rust
>2. Wait for about 30 minutes
>3. With a toothbrush, clean the object
>4. Rinse with distilled water
>5. Dry
>I'll be making some tests on rusted Sikhote-Alin I
>have and will tell you the result. The advantage is
>there are no dangerous chemicals to use and that's
>pretty fast.
>Best regards,
>Pierre-Marie PELE

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Received on Sat 18 Feb 2006 02:38:37 PM PST

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