[meteorite-list] NPA 03-06-1962 Odessa Crater Described in Historical Society...
From: MARK BOSTICK <thebigcollector_at_meteoritecentral.com>
Date: Mon Oct 25 15:41:43 2004
Paper: Odessa American
City: Odessa, Texas
Date: Sunday, March 5, 1961
Meteor Crater Is Described To Historical Society Parley
By JERRY HAYNES
American Staff Writer
At the third annual meeting of the Texas Permian Historical Society
here Saturday, Glenn Evans, geologist in charge of a field project at Odessa
meteor crater from 1939 to 1941, told the gathered historians that the
crater was formed by an "explosion" when a huge meteor hit the earth.
"Craters fall into two groups. The first is an explosion, caused when a
meteor hits the earth at a terrific speed. The second is a concussion
crater, caused when a meteor hits the earth but does not have the necessary
speed to exploded. The Odessa craters fall under both types, but the
principle crater was formed "around 20,000 to 25,000 years ago."
"There is no meteor in the large crater west of Odessa. This meteor was
destroyed in the explosion caused by it hitting the earth. There are
several large meteors buried around the crater, but they are only a part of
the huge iron and nickel meteor that exploded." he said. The crater is
located about 10 miles west and slightly south of Odessa.
Evans was in charge of the University of Texas project that did
extensive work on the meteor crater before World War II, and is now district
manager for the Louisiana Land and Exploration Co. of Midland.
Evans told the group that the Odessa crater was the second largest
crater in the United States, second only to the crater in Arizona.
"During our work at the crater," Evans said. "We found several meteors
buried around the main crater. One of these meteors is now at the University
In his discussion about the crater, Evans said that in all the meteors
found that no element had ever been discovered that was not found on the
"This leads us to the conclusion that the entire cosmos is made of
principally the same elements," he said.
"The Odessa crater is not one crater, but several. No one knows how
many, because most of them have been covered up by dirt and sand, and are
level with the surrounding formations."
The historical meeting, held at the Wagon Yard Restaurant at Rimrock
City, was opened with a discussion of the old Spanish trails through West
Texas by Conrad Dunagan of Monahans.
Dunagan gave a brief history of several Spanish expoditions through
this area and in the 15th and 16th centuries, and explained some of the many
difficulties these parties underwent.
Mrs. Betty Orbeck of Odessa gave a talk on the U.S. Army expeditions
that went through the Permian Basin.
Mrs. Orbeck explained that the main trails in West Texas were formed by
gold seekers passing through this area on their way to California in 1849.
She also listed several army expeditions in this area that mapped and
drilled for water during the 1800s.
Carlysle Raht, Odessa author, presented a brief history of Jules Drew
Henderson, pioneer resident who settled in Ector County in 1880.
Raht, who listed his talk as "Sandhills Buckeroo-Life of Julious Drew
Henderson" told of some of the experience of Henderson in his ranching
career in West Texas.
The final address of the day was from Barry Thompson, Andrews, who
discussed the "Massacre at Willow Springs."
The massacre took place in the sandhills in Winkler County in 1870. The
remains, buried in the sand, were discovered in the early 1900s.
Received on Mon 25 Oct 2004 01:33:42 PM PDT