[meteorite-list] aubrite vesicles
From: Frank Prochaska <fprochas_at_meteoritecentral.com>
Date: Thu Apr 22 09:48:56 2004
I had the opportunity to attend the Meteoritical Society annual conference
in 1991 when it was held in Monterey, California. Among other things, I
remember two different researchers who presented two different papers on the
origins of aubrites. Of course their respective conclusions differed enough
to be rather contradictory and a lively debate followed. I remember that
part of what they were discussing was whether aubrites were volcanic, and
there was discussion about what the viscosities of aubritic melts would be,
and the vapor pressures of volcanic gases on a parent body. The one
researcher was arguing against a volcanic origin because he felt any
volcanic eruptions w/ outgassing wouldn't produce an aubrite lava but rather
something else . . . I think disapating the melt into little droplets into
space if I remember right.
I don't know where my abstracts from this conferece are, and I may not have
them any more. Perhaps at least one of the works of these researchers
described the vesicles and drew some conclusions. Anyone on the list have a
way of finding these?
[mailto:meteorite-list-admin_at_meteoritecentral.com]On Behalf Of Bernd
Sent: Friday, September 07, 2001 12:20 PM
To: James Baxter
Cc: Dave Harris; metlist
Subject: [meteorite-list] aubrite vesicles
James Baxter wrote:
> Check out the photo of the 2.354 gram specimen of Norton County
> at Rob Elliot's site.I purchased this from him and the black melt
> phase has what definitely appear to be vesicles in it.They have
> nice perfectly spherical interiors under the microscope and do
> not appear to be a weathering phenomenon.
Hello, Jim, Dave, and List
I checked it /them out and yes, there they are. Very interesting!
It's even more evident in the "part slice with l a r g e central
gas vesicle - 4.664 g" that Rob offers for sale.
Hmm, ... on the one hand, aubrites are brecciated (except for
Shallowater) and several are regolith breccias containing solar wind
implanted noble gases, on the other, Norton County does not contain
solar wind implanted noble gases and thus it is not a regolith breccia,
at least according to Okada A. et al., 1988.
Furthermore, in an abstract, Miura Y.N. et al., 2000) write that the
six aubrites* they examined didn't contain a significant amount of
solar He and Ne.
* Bishopville, Cumberland Falls, Mayo Belwa,
Mt. Egerton, Norton County, Pena Blanca Springs
Now back to Okada (Okada A. et al. 1988). At the end of this
comprehensive paper on the Norton County aubrite, the authors
conclude: "We suggest that parent body collisional disruption
and gravitational reassembly of most of the debris is required
to explain the coexistence of slowly cooled and r a p i d l y
This might imply the presence of "gas holes" - trapped near-surface
gases (igneous history/explosive volcanism) which burst open while
the meteorite plunged through the atmosphere. These holes then
solidified when the crust cooled.
There is a b & w picture of Norton County in Rolf Bühler's (SML)
out-of-print "Meteorite, Urmaterie Aus Dem Interplanetaren Raum"
(p. 118): This picture also shows a glassy crust with those hair-like
gas holes and cracks.
The paper by Dickinson et al. (1997) is the only one where I found
something like "vesicles" or "vesicular". One of the experimental
charges they produced had a highly vesicular nature but this was
not genuine meteoritic (aubritic) material but material produced
artificially to carry through their partitioning experiments.
OKADA A. et al. (1988) Igneous history of the aubrite parent
asteroid: Evidence from the Norton County enstatite achondrite
(Meteoritics 23-1, 1988, 59-74).
MIURA Y.N. et al. (2000) Noble gas studies of aubrites
(MAPS 35-5, 2000, Suppl., A112).
T.L. DICKINSON et al. (1997) Experimental rare-earth-element
partitioning in oldhamite: Implications for the igneous origin
of aubritic oldhamite (Meteoritics 32-3, 1997, 395-412).
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Received on Fri 07 Sep 2001 04:03:10 AM PDT